The Methods section exists to explain to the reader how the researchers collected and analyzed their data. The authors need to convince the reader that the methods used can provide an answer to the research question and that the reader can trust the results.
Since the "Methods" section describes how the research is being conducted, it is probably the most important section for identifying empirical research. It is where you are likely to find many criteria, including the
The Methods section is also connected to how to recreate the study. By providing sufficient information about their design, methodology, and sample, the authors of the research let other researchers know what they would need to do to recreate it. Additionally, the authors may also discuss how the methodology affects how much you can generalize from their results.
When looking for the sample, look for where the authors discuss who was included in the research and why the authors wanted that group. Design and methodology tend to mix together. Look for where the researchers discuss how they identified the sample, how they performed the research, and how they analyzed their results.
The Methods section has a few common heading labels:
You might see "research" or "study" added to any of the above headings. The section may also be broken down into headings or subheadings for specific aspects of the methods, such as "participants," "sample," "measures," or "data analysis."