Out of experiences comes curiosity. As you've thought and written about your own literacy experiences, you might have some questions you need answered. Why do you work better (or not) when you have music playing? Does writing in a personal diary make you a better college-level writer, and why?
Whatever question you'll come up with, you'll investigate the answer through primary research, and maybe back up your claims with scholarly research. This page offers you links to advice and instruction on primary research. The Secondary Sources tab on the left side of the page has several links to library databases where you can search for background information and scholarly sources.
A survey would require you to develop a questionnaire that relates to your research question, administer the survey, and then analyze the results.
Use these free online tools to help you to create online questionaires.