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Intellectual Property in Libraries

Intellectual Property Guidelines for Librarians

Creative Commons

Image result for Creative CommonsAs a nonprofit organization founded in 2001, Creative Commons allows creators to easily designate how their works can be used by the public (Creative Commons History, n.d.). The organization was created in response to the Sonny Bono Copyright Act as an alternative to copyright and progressed after the Supreme Court decision in Eldred v. Ashcroft that declared the Sonny Bono Act constitutional (Bollier, 2008, p. 87). Creative Commons is within the bounds of copyright law and gives creators the ability to state how their work can be used by other creators. Below are the available licenses:

  • Attribution CC BY
  • Attribution-ShareAlike CC BY-SA
  • Attribution-NoDerivs CC BY-ND
  • Attribution-NonCommercial CC BY-NC
  • Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike CC BY-NC-SA
  • Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs CC BY-NC-ND

Each license varies to the extent in which users can share, adapt, distribute or sell copyrighted materials. Creative Commons is a response to the expansion of copyright protection, in which proponents of “free culture” continue to develop techniques for open access (Lessig, 2004, p. 282).