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Important Citation Styles and Formats for Physics

Citation of Traditional & Online Materials

Journals, professors, and disciplines often have their own methods for formatting citations. The American Institute of Physics provides a manual of style published in 1990. The American Mathematical Society's recent style manual can be found in PDF form here. Other citation styles include the Chicago Manual of StylePublication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA), and the Modern Language Association (MLA) style. For help with Chicago, APA, and MLA citation styles, look at our How-To Guides for Writing & Documentation and Purdue University's Online Writing Lab (OWL).

Data Citation

There is no one standard for data citation. Generally, when using a data source, see if there is a standard data use policy that provides guidance on citation practices (i.e., grant references, format, authorship). If no citation policy can be found, please familiarize yourself with common data citation practices as detailed in this guide from DataOne.

Writing Help

Free writing assistance is available at the Center for Writing and Communication.  Stop by to get feedback on any writing assignment for any class.  Be sure to bring a research paper, essay, or essay exam *and* the original assignment sheet with you. Schedule an appointment or just come on by (Library Learning Commons).   

Bibliographic Management Tools

  • Zotero - Free, web-based tool that works as a plug-in within Firefox. Zotero also has a desktop client that works well on all platforms.

  • Mendeley - Mendeley is a free reference manager and academic social network that can help you organize your research, collaborate with others online, and discover the latest research.

  • CiteULike - Expands beyond traditional bibliographic management tools by connecting you with other researchers with similar interests; allows you to store and search PDFs.