Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Public Health Information Resources

Welcome! This guide will direct you to some resources that will help you in your studies in the School of Public Health, the University of Memphis.

Citation Help is Here

It's not as hard as you think.

The thing to remember with citation is that it is simply a practice of creating a record of who said what, where, at what time. 

  • Who - author
  • What - the idea or quote you are citing
  • Where - the website, journal article, newspaper, video, book, etc.
  • At What Time - date of publication

Why bother? 

Citations highlight and acknowledge resources you read to arrive at your final product. We don't write in a vacuum; your readers want to read the resources you read, or respond. This is a facet of scholarly communication, and it is actually pretty interesting. Your writing has value, as do the resources you are citing. Your work increases in value by placing it in the context of other writing and research.

Citation Managers

Citation managers can be very helpful when dealing with both collecting citations and generating bibliographies. They aren't perfect, but they make those more complicated papers with lots of sources much more manageable -- if you know how to use them well. 

Citation Style

Depending on what discipline you are writing in (English? History? Biology?), you may use a different style of citation. The main styles are listed below, with links that take you to different pages within this guide. If you are citing a source published by the government, you will cite it using special consideration.

 

  • MLA style (Modern Language Association) - Humanities 
  • APA style (American Psychological Association) - Education, Psychology, and Business
  • Chicago/Turabian (Professor Turabian, University of Chicago) - Sociology, History and some of the Fine Arts

Many thanks to the librarians who created the citation research guide at Butler University for some of the ideas, resources, and language used in this guide. 

RefWorks Basics

Introduction to RefWorks

RefWorks is a citation-management software package similar to EndNote, ProCite, and Reference Manager. RefWorks is web-based. So long as you are a registered user, RefWorks can be used from any computer with Internet access. RefWorks allows you to export bibliographic data from commercial, government, and library databases into your own personal database(s). You can organize this database however you like--leave everything in one big file or sort references into folders based on subjects or specific projects.

Registering/Logging in

If you are not in one of our training classes and are student/faculty/staff at the UofM, you can register yourself. Go to the Databases link in the Search UM Libraries box on the right hand side of the web page. Type in RefWorks and click on the RefWorks link in the record. You'll be asked to authenticate with your UofM username and password, before you are allowed to register with RefWorks. Click "New to RefWorks? Sign up for an Individual Account" to can create whatever username and password you like to use with RefWorks. (If you attend a training class, we'll help you get registered) Once registered, you can log-in to RefWorks by going to refworks.com on any computer, anywhere, using your username/password and the UofM GroupCode. (The GroupCode is included in the confirmation email you receive from RefWorks on registration.) Once registered, you can log-in to RefWorks by going to refworks.com on any computer, any where, using your username/password and the UofM GroupCode. (The GroupCode is included in the confirmation email you receive from RefWorks on registration.) PLEASE NOTE: You create your own password to access RefWorks. It is not assigned, and no pre-existing passwords work automatically.

NOTE: Once you have registered, you do not need to follow these steps ever again--just go to http://www.refworks.com and log in.